- Autors Administrator
Information can come from many sources, for example, personal experiences, media, blogs, books, encyclopedias, journals, expert opinions, internet portals etc. This list is almost infinite. All of these information sources are useful, but each of them is appropriate for different purposes. Here is the list of most popular information sources.
The first one is newspapers and other mainstream media. Basically newspaper is a collection of articles about all the current, actual events in specific region. In most cases every city has its own newspaper, so there is only local information included, but there are also newspapers that includes the informationa bout whole country or even world. Newspapers can be published daily or less often. In newspapers the same information is included as in other media such as news on TV or radio and internet news portals. These types of information sources can be used to get actual information or expert opinions about different topics.
Then there are magazines. Also magazine is a collection of articles, but in this case the articles cover many topics. Also these topics are actual, but in different way. They do not provide the information about the latest news, but overall information about important themes. These articles are made by journalists that are not specialists in the field the topic is about, so the information is provides in simple way and it is easy to understand it. Magazines are more meant for entertainment and overall information not scientific purposes.
Journals, however, are meant for science and research. Same as magazines, also journals cover very different topics, but they are all written by professionals and the information is written in scientific language. They are widely used when doing scholar researches, and other type of scientific works. Information in journals is usually very accurate and reliable.
Books can cover almost any topic. Come of the books are fact based, but some are fiction. So if you are looking for actual, reliable information than you should use only fact based books. Fiction is only for entertainment. In books information is written in simple language, so any average reader could understand it, but the information itself is very detailed. Usually the whole book covers only one topic so it is possible to describe any important detail. Books are meant to find any kind of information.
Encyclopedias are also books, but writer in different manner. They are more scientific and usually contains of short facts about specific topic. Information is very laconic, but based only on proved facts. There can be encyclopedias that either cover one topic or cover many topics about one general theme. They are usually used to find some specific information or when there is a need to find key ideas.
The last one is internet portals. This is very wide source of information, because there are countless websites that provides very different information. If you use internet as an information source, you must know how to evaluate the truthfulness of information. You can use internet to find all kind of information, just make sure that source is reliable.
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There are heard many negative opinions about media. Some people assume that media only controls humans minds and make them stop having their own opinion. Some even believe that life would be better without any kind of media, but they don’t think about importance of it. Media has very important role in the society and we would be lost without it. If you don’t believe, here are some proofs.
First of all, there wouldn’t be such thing as democracy without media. It is like a mechanism that informs the society about malpractice. Media make people aware of all kind of threats. Nowadays politicians are fighting for power and dominance by any means. They steal money from taxpayers and suppress common people. Only thing that restricts all of that is work of media. It’s the only way how to open the eyes of common people and make them fight beck, that’s why politicians are afraid of journalists. Media is one of the pillars that can increase the freedom and reduce the injustice and oppression, by simply providing the information to the society.
Media also has influenced the development of civilizations and still has an important role in development of today’s society. As the media is the main informant of all the actualities and newest information, it helps to spread all the discoveries and ideas. In ancient and medieval times it was mass gathering that informed society, later it was printed media and nowadays also television, radio and internet has joined. Just think of how much slower the society would have developed, if there would be no chance to inform the people fast and simple. There would be no chance to cooperate and find out what’s new. There would be discoveries, but no one would know about them.
Media is also the only force that can save people from danger. What’s the first thing you do if there are some signals about natural disasters nearby or other global danger? You turn on the radio or television to find out what’s happening. There are no other ways how to transfer the information faster and more operatively. Media has saved many lives before and will do in the future as well.
Also just staying informed is important. Even if the information doesn’t impact us directly, we need to know. No matter if something is happening right next to us or in some remote regions of the world. It refers to all the actual information. We need to know about newest discoveries, politics, environment, society etc. Without this information we wouldn’t feel safe.
You can see the benefits from the media. Despite the negative aspects of media that really exists, there is no life of modern society possible without media. They lead the society and helps to achieve more.
- Autors Administrator
The information about current events people usually get from the media. That means we have to believe in something something we haven’t experienced by ourselves, but only heard from others. So it is very important to be sure, we can trust in information provided by media, but how can we be sure that they are not lying to us?
Actually lot of people doesn’t believe in all the mainstream media such as newspapers, news, radio etc. There have been many surveys carried out about this topic and the results almost in every case show the same – people don’t fully trust in media. If we look at all the research results in general, almost 60% of the people do not trust in media at all nor do not completely trust. There is base for this doubt, because there are many reasons why we can’t truly trust in media.
First of all, media is a business and just like in any other business the main objective is to get profit. The easiest way how media corporations can get the profit is by providing information that auditory wants to read or hear. Probably media won’t just invent the news by themselves, because they need to use references to the source of information, but they can present this information in desired manner. That means the auditory will get the opinion about specific topics not based on they own thoughts, but by what media tells.
Also the government has power over the mainstream media. Most of the news contains information about the politics. Unfortunately this news in most cases is no truly independent and reliable. Governments only want to make the auditory agree with their politics so lot of things is not said until the end. As long as government itself will be the source of information, news won’t be truly reliable.
Also the journalist ethics is not always being respected. Journalists can fabricate stories if they have some benefits from that. For example, someone can simply buy an article in the newspaper. Unfortunately there really are some corrupted journalists who allow this to happen. Also lot of journalists has extra jobs as pubic relation specialists, so they can make the news in their client’s interests.
If we continue with the job of journalists than many time news are influenced by journalist own opinion. That doesn’t means the news are totally fake, but it is possible to make things more dramatic or opposite – more meaningless. IT all depends on how journalist feels about the specific topic. If the journalist is not professional, news are not independent, so they are also not completely true.
By knowing this we could assume that we definitely can’t trust in the media nowadays, but actually it not as bad as it might seem. It all depends on media corporations and journalists professionalism. High quality media will never let something like this happen. So the most important thing is to know the difference between high and low quality media.